HIPAA sets the standard for protecting sensitive patient data. Any company that deals with protected health information (PHI) must ensure that all the required physical, network, and process security measures are in place and followed. The act contains a “Privacy Rule” and a “Security Rule,” which in turn protect the privacy and sets standards for the security of electronic protected health information (e-PHI). Taken together, these rules establish national standards for how companies working with sensitive patient data must ensure that data’s confidentiality, availability, and integrity.

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